Chapter 11.24 : Off Street Parking

Sections:

11.24.010 Intent
11.24.020 Design
11.24.030 Combined Occupations
11.24.040 Joint Use
11.24.050 Spaces Required, Residential Uses
11.24.060 Spaces Required, Nonresidential Uses

11.24.010 Intent. The intent of this section is to reduce traffic congestion and the need for parking on public streets and hazards caused thereby, and to provide off-street parking adequate for each type of development in terms of both quantity and location.

11.24.020 Design. Off-Street parking required for uses herein specified shall be for use only by vehicles of employers, customers, and residents of the activity served.

1). Location. Off-street parking as required by this title shall be located as specified herein.

a). Single-family dwellings. On the same lot with the dwelling they are required to serve.

b). Multi-family dwellings. On the same lot with the dwelling they are required to serve.

c). Hospitals; sanitariums, apartments, rooming and boarding houses, fraternity and sorority houses, Not more than 100 feet from the building of the use the parking lot is required to serve.

d). Commercial and industrial zones. Within 300 feet from the building of the use the parking lot required to serve.
Where a distance is specified, such distance shall be measured by a straight line from the nearest point of the building such parking area is required to serve.

Such off-site parking areas must be accessible by a public street or alley and shall be owned or leased by the owner or lessee of the building being served by such parking and such parking lot shall have a recorded land covenant requiring such land by maintained as a parking lot so long as the building and/or use served is in operation or another suitable parking area is established to the satisfaction of the Building Inspector.

Required parking spaces shall not be located in any required front or side yard, except one required off-street parking space for each residence may fall into the front yard setback in single-family uses. In addition, multi-family dwelling units not served by an alley may place one off-street parking space per dwelling unit in the required front yard setback area.

2). Size. An off-street parking space shall be at least 9 feet in width and 18 feet in length, exclusive of access drives, yards, or ramps. Such spaces shall have a vertical clearance of at least 7 feet.

Where more than three off-street parking spaces are required, the parking are shall be arranged according to one of the four designs outlined in Figure 1 of Section 11.24.050.

3). Plans. A plan of the proposed off-street parking facility shall be submitted along with the application for the building permit for the building the off-street parking is required to serve. Said plan shall clearly indicated curb cuts, lighting, landscaping, construction details, fencing and other features which may be required by the Building Inspector.

4). Construction. All permanent off-street parking spaces and access areas thereto shall be paved with 2" of asphalt material over a packed base composed of 3/4 inch crushed rock with minimum depth of 3 inches or 4" of concrete with 3" of sub-base gravel. All off-street parking areas shall be designed and constructed to allow proper drainage.

5). Screening. Any parking area built to serve any commercial or industrial use with ten or more parking spaces shall be screened from view at ground level by a decorative wall or landscaping from adjacent property zoned residential.

Any use having more than 3,500 square feet of required permanent parking shall have two percent of the gross parking area landscaped with suitable trees and/or shrubs having a low profile. Such landscaping shall be in place before occupancy to the building or use being served.

If, due to climatic conditions, the parking area cannot be improved as prescribed, a written request for an extension of time shall be submitted to the Building Inspector. Said extension may then be granted for a time period not to exceed nine months.

6). Lighting. Lighting used to illuminate a parking area shall be arranged in such a manner that it will not be a hazard to passing motorists or constitute a nuisance of any kind. Where said parking area is within 150 feet of any property classified as residential by this title and where the parking area is directly visible by the residents within 150 feet, illuminating devices shall be shaded in a manner that would direct the light away from the residential property.

11.24.030 Combined Occupancies. Where two or more uses are combined in one development, the total parking spaces shall be the sum total or the spaces required for each individual use. Off-street parking for one use shall not be considered for joint use as hereinafter specified.

11.24.040 Joint Use. The City Council may authorize the joint use of off-street parking facilities for the following uses or activities under the conditions specified:

1). Up to 50 percent of the required off-street parking for primarily "nighttime" uses such as theaters, bowling alleys, bars, supper clubs may be supplied by the parking requirements for primarily "daytime" uses such as banks, offices, retail and personal service establishments.

2). Number (1) above may be reversed so that parking for "daytime" uses may be used for "nighttime" activities.

3). Up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for churches or auditoriums may be supplied by the parking facilities provided for uses primarily of a daytime nature.

Where joint use is desired, an application shall be made to the Board of Adjustment. Said application shall contain proof that there will be no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the two buildings or uses for which the joint use is proposed; that all other conditions within this chapter are met; and legal documents executed by the parties involved in the joint use guaranteeing use by both parties. Said legal document shall be approved by the City Attorney and recorded with the County Clerk and Recorder.

11.24.050 Spaces Required, Residential Uses. The following number of off-street parking spaces per use are required in residential uses:

1). Single and multi-family - two spaces per unit. (One space as required may be within the driveway area.)

2). Apartments-one and one half spaces per unit.

3). Rooming and boarding houses - two per dwelling unit plus one per rooming unit.

11.24.060 Spaces Required, Nonresidential Uses. The following minimum number of parking spaces shall be required of the nonresidential uses specified below. The minimum size of each parking stall shall be 9 feet by 18 feet, exclusive of aisle width.

Where more than three off-street are required, the parking area shall be arranged according to one of the four designs outlined in Figure 1 of Section 11.24.050.

Reference herein to "employee(s) on the largest work shift" means the maximum number of employees employed at the facility regardless of the time period during which this occurs and regardless of whether any such person is a full-time employee. The largest work shift may be a particular day of the week, or a lunch or dinner period in the case of a restaurant.

The term "Capacity" as used herein means the maximum number of persons which may be accommodated by the use as determined by its design or fire code regulations, whichever is greater.

The term "Truck" as used herein means a vehicle used for commercial delivery or commercial transportation.

1). Agricultural Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

2). Agricultural Support Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area provided for customer sales and service operations.

3). Commercial and Entertainment Uses, Except as Specifically Designated Elsewhere: 1 space per 150 square feet of gross floor area of customer sales and service floor area, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of storage and/ or office gross floor area, or, if the use has at least 100,000 square feet of gross floor area, 5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.

a). Other Commercial and Entertainment Uses:

(1). Banks: 1 space per 150 square feet of gross floor area of customer sales and service, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of storage and/or office gross floor area, plus 5 spaces off-street waiting (loading) spaces per drive-in lane.

(2). Funeral Home: 1 space per 4 patron seats or 25 spaces per chapel unit, whichever is greater.

(3). Grocery or Supermarket: 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area of customer sales and service, plus 1 space per 200 square feet gross floor area of storage and office space.

(4). Hospital: 2 spaces per 3 patient beds, plus 1 space per staff doctor and each other employee on the largest work shift.

(5). Hotel or Motel: 1 space per room suite, plus 1 space per every 3 employees on the largest work shift, plus 1 space per every 3 persons to the maximum capacity of each public meeting and/or banquet room, plus 50 percent of the spaces otherwise required for accessory uses (e.g., restaurants and bars).

(6). Private Clubs: 1 space per 3 persons to the maximum capacity of the facility.

(7). Repair Services: 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(8). Restaurant: 1 space per three patron seats or 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 space per employee on the largest work shift.

(9). Shopping Center: 5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.

(10).Theaters and Auditoriums: 1 space per 3 patrons
based on maximum capacity. This requirement may be satisfied on a space-by-space basis by a facility's providing written proof that it has the use of nearby parking lot available to its patrons (e.g., by contractual arrangement).

4). Commercial/ Recreational Uses: 1 space per 4 patrons to the maximum capacity of facility, plus 1 space per 2 employees on the largest work shift.

a). Other Commercial/Recreational Uses:

(1). Bowling Alley: 5 spaces per lane, plus 1 space per employee on the largest work shift.

(2). Drive-in Theater: 1 space per automobile station, plus 1 space per employee.

(3). Golf Driving Range: 1 space per tee, plus 1 space per employee on the largest work shift.

(4). Miniature Golf Course: 1.5 spaces per hole, plus 1 space per employee on the largest work shift.

(5). Theater: 1 space per 3 patrons to the maximum capacity of the facility inclusive of both indoor and outdoor capability.

(6). Skating Rink, Ice or Roller: 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area.

5). Extraction Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

6). Heavy Industrial Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per company vehicle normally left on the premises.

a). Other Heavy Industrial Uses:

(1). Truck Terminal: 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per truck normally parked on the premises, plus 1 space per 3 patrons to the maximum capacity.

(2). Junkyards and Wrecking Yards: 1 space per 10,000 square feet of gross land area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

7). Institutional, Indoor, Recreational, and Special Residential Uses: 1 space per 3 patrons to the maximum capacity, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

a). Other Institutional, Indoor, Recreational, and Special Residential Uses:

(1). Camps, Day or Youth: 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per camp vehicle normally parked on the premises.

(2). Cemetery. 1 space per employee, plus 1 space per 1,000 square feet of developed ground area.

(3). Church: 1 space per 3 seats of maximum capacity of the main chapel area.

(4). Community and Recreation Center: 1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area, or 1 space per 4 patrons to the maximum capacity, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(5). Group Dwellings: 1 space per bedroom or sleeping room.

(6). Libraries and Museums: 1 space per 250 square feet of floor area or 1 space per 4 seats to maximum capacity, whichever is greater, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(7). Monasteries, Convents: 1 space per 6 residents, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per 5 chapel seats if the public may attend.

(8). Nursing Homes: 1 space per 3 patient beds, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per staff member and visiting doctor.

(9). Schools:

a). Day Care Home, Day Care Center, Group Day Care Home or Nursery School: 1 space per teacher/employee on the largest shift plus 1 off-street loading space per 6 students.

b). Elementary and Junior High: 1 space per teacher and staff member, plus 1 space per 2 classrooms.

c). Senior High. 1 space per teacher and staff member on the largest shift, plus 1 space per 3 students.

d). College. 1 space per staff member on the largest shift, plus 1 space per 2 students of the largest class attendance period.

e). Commercial Trade School: 1 space per 3 students, plus 1 space per employee (including faculty) at capacity class attendance period.

(10). Swimming Facility: 1 space per 75 square feet of
gross water area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(11). Tennis, Racquetball, Handball Courts: 4 spaces
per court, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(12). Assisted Living Facilities: 1 space per 2 residents, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

8). Light Industrial Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per company vehicle regularly stored on the premises.

a). Other Light Industrial Uses:

(1). Mini-warehouses: 1 space per 10 storage cubicles, plus 2 spaces per manager's residence, plus 1 space per 25 storage cubicles located at the warehouse office.

(2). Veterinary Office with Enclosed Kennels and/or Pens: 3 spaces per doctor, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

9). Nursery and Landscaping Supply Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area of inside sales or display.

10). Office Uses: 1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area or 1 space per employee of the largest shift.

a). Other Office Uses:

(1). Beauty and Barber Shops: 3 spaces per operator or 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area, or whichever is larger, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(2). Medical Offices: 1 space per 150 square feet of gross floor area plus 1 space per employee of the largest shift and 1 space per doctor of professional.

(3). Personal/Professional Services: 1 space per 200 square feet of basement and first floor gross floor area, plus 1 space per 300 square feet of any additional floor area for customer service, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

11). Outdoor Recreational Uses: 1 space per 4 expected patrons at capacity.

a). Other Outdoor Recreational Uses:

(1). Golf Courses (9 and 18 Hole): 36 spaces per 9 holes, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 50% of spaces required for any accessory uses (e.g., bar, restaurants).

(2). Golf Courses (Par 3): 36 spaces per 9 holes, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 50% of spaces required for any accessory uses (e.g., bars and restaurants).

(3). Outdoor Swimming Pool: 1 space per 75 square feet of gross water area plus 1 space per employee of the largest shift.

(4). Tennis Court: 3 spaces per court.

12). Public Service Uses: 1 space per employee on the largest work shift, plus 1 space per company vehicle normally stored on premises.

13). Recreational Vehicle Park: 1.5 spaces per each recreational vehicle site, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

14). Highway Commercial Uses: 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

a). Other Highway Commercial Uses:

(1). Convenience Grocery: 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area.

(2). Fast-Food Restaurant: 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest work shift.

(3). Taverns, Dance Halls, Night Clubs, and Lounges: 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift.

(4). Vehicle Sales and Service: 1 space per 1,500 square feet of gross floor area plus 1 space per employee of the largest shift.

(5). Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Services: 1 space per 400 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space per employee on the largest work shift.