Chapter 11.37: Landscaping


11.37.010 Purpose and Intent
11.37.020 Application and Scope
11.37.030 Minimum Landscaping Requirements
11.37.040 Appropriate Landscaping Materials
11.37.050 Transitional Areas
11.37.060 Irrigation and Maintenance Requirements
11.37.070 Clear Vision Standards
11.37.080 Site Plan, Completion of Landscaping, and Bond
11.37.090 Conditional Use Permit

11.37.010 Purpose and Intent. The purpose and intent of this ordinance is to protect the health, safety and welfare of the public by providing a visual buffering between land uses of differing character, by enhancing the beauty of the city, by protecting the character and stability of different uses of property, by preserving the value of land and buildings, by retarding the spread of noxious weeds, and other purposes beneficial to the public.

11.37.020 Application and Scope. The provisions of this Chapter shall apply to property located in zoning districts B-1, B-2, B-3, except property zoned B-3 that is adjacent to Main Street, BP, BP-10, M-1, M-2, PLI, R-3, and R-4, when a building permit application is being made pursuant to Chapter 11.27.

11.37.030 Minimum Landscaping Requirements.

  1. A total of five (5) percent of a lot, or ten (10) percent of approved parking areas on a lot, whichever is greater, shall be landscaped with appropriate landscaping material.
  2. A Minimum of fifteen (15) foot wide landscaping strip is required adjacent to and along all streets and avenues, excluding driveways which may not exceed forty (40) feet in width (commercial) or 25 feet in width for residential.
  3. All areas not developed with either approved parking lot material or structures shall be landscaped.
  4. Landscaped areas within parking lots or along the perimeter of the property must be protected from vehicular traffic through the use of continuous concrete curbs, extruded asphalt, or other approved permanent barriers.
  5. Landscaping shall be permitted within the required front, side, and rear setback areas. No landscaping shall be placed within public right of ways without first obtaining a written approval from the city.

11.37.040 Appropriate Landscaping Materials. Appropriate landscaping material shall include turf, shrubs, trees, flower beds, vines or other live plant cover and shall make up at least eighty five (85) percent of the required landscaping. No more than fifteen (15) percent of the landscaped area shall contain fountains, rock, bark chips, stepping stones or similar material.

11.37.050 Transitional Areas. There shall be a fifteen (15) foot landscaping strip along and immediately adjacent to a property line between property located in a zoning district that is subject to this Chapter and property located in zoning district AS, RS, RS-M, R-1, R-2, R-2-D, or PLI. There shall also be a sight obscuring fence or wall along such adjoining property line that is architecturally compatible in color and design with the structure located on the property that is subject to this Chapter. The fence or wall shall be a minimum of six (6) feet in height, and shall not be constructed of chain link or other wire fencing material.

11.37.060 Irrigation and Maintenance Requirements. All landscaped areas shall be irrigated with an automatic irrigation system. All landscaping elements shall be maintained in good growing condition and kept free of weeds, debris and litter, and whenever necessary, replaced with new plant materials to ensure continued compliance with this Chapter. All walls and fences shall be maintained in good condition and, when necessary, be repaired or replaced. The owner of the property shall be responsible for compliance with this Chapter.

11.37.070 Clear Vision Standards. All landscaped areas must comply with the clear vision standards for intersections and driveways, including the allowed height and placement of fences, walls, signs, landscaping materials, in addition to other objects located within the clear vision triangle(s).

11.37.080 Site Plan, Completion of Landscaping, and Bond. A fully dimensional site plan of all proposed landscaping, including the composition of the landscaping, shall be submitted with a building permit application under Chapter 11.27. A certificate of occupancy for the property shall not be issued until the landscaping is completed, or a bond in the amount of 150% of the cost of completion of the landscaping is provided to the city. The cost of completion of the landscaping shall be determined by a professional landscaping business approved by the city. The bond shall be in the form of cash, certificate of deposit, letter of credit issued by a federally insured lending institution, completion bond issued by an approved insurance or bonding company, or is such other manner as shall be approved by the city. In the event that the landscaping is not completed according to the approved plan within one (1) year after the issuance of the certificate of occupancy, the city may obtain the proceeds from the bond and contract to have the landscaping completed. The applicant shall be responsible for the entire cost of completing the landscaping, including any cost in excess of the amount of the bond.

11.37.090 Conditional Use Permit. An applicant may request a Conditional Use Permit from the city to allow a variation from the requirements of this Chapter. If the City Council determines that a variation from the requirements of this Chapter is appropriate in a specific case, the Council may require such landscaping, architectural, and other mitigating features and requirements as may be deemed appropriate under the circumstances.